Aviation and Wildlife inhabit same environments, but do not coexist well
APHIS and Industry developing Preventative Tactics
Your airport should have an Animal Protection Plan
Airports and airways are occupied jointly by animals and airplanes. Unfortunately, they are often in conflict. The industry and Department of Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Wildlife Services (WS) are working to minimize the danger to both. Anthraquinone, a naturally occurring compound that is found in more than 200 plant species in North America, is being tested by APHIS for the chemical’s ability to deter animals, particularly geese, from the airfield.
This is but one example of the partnerships initiated to protect wildlife and the number of participants are evidence of the variety of approaches being used to reduce these risks:
Here are a few examples of the diversity of tactics being employed:
The first step in creating a wildlife protection plan should begin with someone with experience at multiple airports; there are such SMEs (click here) who can help. Such professionals can provide credibility and objectivity. In dealing with the stakeholders, particularly wildlife conservation groups, the lack of local history is actually a benefit (staff, who have been the recipient of advocates, however delicately the response, have been tagged with baggage) . The capacity to listen to the operational requirements and the protection of the animals, who frequent the runways, is an important trait. The multiplicity of experiences help define alternative pathways; resident airline managers are known to favor a time-tested solution.
Whatever your situation, an annual review of the threats and of mitigation strategies is a world class practice. Saving lives is your airport’s #1 goal.
Keeping Airline Passengers and Wildlife Safe: APHIS and its Partners Work to Identify Best Management Practices for Wildlife Repellents at Airports
Posted by Gail Keirn, APHIS Legislative and Public Affairs in Animals
Mar 29, 2021
A short-eared owl looks for prey while perched on an airport runway beacon. USDA Wildlife Services is partnering with a private company to identify best practices for using the wildlife repellent, Flight Control® Max, at airports. (Photo by USDA Wildlife Services)
A variety of wildlife species—from birds to rodents and rabbits—often visit airport environments leading to safety concerns for both wildlife and airline passengers. Collisions between wildlife and aircraft have increased in the past 30 years because of an increase in both hazardous wildlife species populations and aircraft movements. To help reduce the risk of these potentially dangerous interactions, USDA-APHIS Wildlife Services (WS) biologists provide airport operators across the Nation with advice and recommendations on how to keep runways and flight paths clear of wildlife.
“As part of an effort to help guide recommendations on the use of a naturally occurring wildlife repellent at airports, WS is planning a series of trials at airports in several states,” states WS research wildlife biologist Dr. Scott Werner.
This year, WS researchers and airport biologists from eight states are partnering with Arkion Life Sciences, LLC to identify best management practices for applying an anthraquinone-based repellent called Flight Control® Max. Anthraquinone is a naturally occurring compound that is found in more than 200 plant species in North America. When eaten, anthraquinone has a repellency effect in many wild birds and some wild rodents.
“Arkion is providing their wildlife repellent for use in field trials at approximately 12 military, civil and joint-use airports nationwide,” continues Werner. “The repellent will be applied at various locations on our cooperating airports. WS airport biologists will then survey and compare the wildlife on treated and nearby untreated locations. Results will help us identify what worked and what didn’t work and will be the basis for recommended best management practices for use of the repellent at airports.”
WS plans to make its findings known later this year. For more information, please visit the WS National Wildlife Research Center’s Repellents Research Project and WS National Airport Wildlife Hazards Program websites.
 Arkion® is a developer, manufacturer and supplier of bird repellent products for protecting agricultural seeds including corn and rice as well as developing products for seedling and foliar application. It markets Flight Control® Plus, a goose repellent, for protection of turf for commercial and park areas as well as for use by homeowners. Airepel® is a service that treats building and other structural surfaces to keep birds away.
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