Just clipping contemporary news accounts raises a substantial question which the Government of India needs to answer
By Sanjeev Miglani and Aditya Kalra
NEW DELHI (Reuters) – The Indian capital declared a pollution emergency on Thursday as toxic smog hung over the city for a third day and air quality worsened by the hour.
Illegal crop burning in the farm states surrounding New Delhi, vehicle exhaust emissions in a city with limited public transport and swirling construction dust have caused the crisis, which arises every year.
The problem has been compounded this year by still conditions, the weather office said.
A U.S. embassy measure of tiny particulate matter PM 2.5 showed a reading of 608 at 10 a.m. when the safe limit is 50.
New Delhi, Dec 25 (PTI) Expressing disappointment over India not being part of the global pact to reduce emission in the aviation sector, global airlines grouping IATA has said it will be a “major concern” for Indian operators, but hoped that the country would join the framework in coming years. The Carbon Offsetting and Reporting Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) was agreed upon earlier this year under the aegis of ICAO. “The point on which we are disappointed… is that India didnt draw into CORSIA agreement,” IATA Director General and CEO Alexandre de Juniac said even as he expressed hope that India would join the scheme. In a recent interview to PTI, Juniac said CORSIA would not be a major disruption in terms of competition for airlines operating to and from India since it is not a route-based system. “But it is a major concern for Indian operators not to be able to contribute to the carbon neutral growth or reduction in CO2 emission in the next 30 years,” he noted.
CORSIA, which seeks to reduce emission in the aviation sector by way of carbon offsetting mechanism, is to be implemented in five phases. The scheme is to run from 2021 to 2035.
So far, close to 66 states will be part of the first phase. While India is part of the Paris climate change agreement, Juniac said it was disappointing that the country is not part of the CORSIA pact which is a major decision by states to regulate carbon emission in the aviation industry. “I hope India joins in coming years,” he added. The IATA (International Air Transport Association) chief also said that on CORSIA, discussions are now focussed on implementation of the system, practically by those countries which are joining voluntarily.
The Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) was adopted at the 39th session of the ICAO Assembly in 2016. The aim is to address any annual increase in total CO2 emissions from international civil aviation above 2020 levels and contribute to the industry’s commitment to carbon neutral growth from 2020 (“CNG2020”).
Under CORSIA, airlines will be required to buy carbon offsets to compensate for their growth in CO2 emissions. Carbon offsets are generated through the implementation of carbon reduction projects in developing countries, with many of them linked to co-benefits, delivering health, economic and biodiversity benefits to communities.
While some routes will be exempt from offsetting requirements, all airlines operating international flights are mandated to monitor their fuel consumption emissions and report them to their national authorities from 1 January 2019.
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