Weirdest Planes , Coolest Airport designs, Famous Aircraft
Most Scenic Landings, Countries without Airports
Unusual aircraft designs, Great Aviation Moments
The Internet of Things is a technology designed to facilitate commerce through a site offering a wide range of products, services, and the like. The convenience of these sites also begets a certain distance between the parties.
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US design firm Fentress Architects has announced the 22 projects shortlisted for the 2020 Fentress Global Challenge, a competition for architecture and engineering students from around the world.
The competition focuses on airport architecture, asking participants to imagine what terminals will look like in the year 2100.
Out of 100 entries, the 22 shortlisted projects were selected based on their ability to create a new concept for airport terminals that considers population and environmental forecasts, fosters a cohesive identity and improves primary factors of airport design.
All projects had to be located in one of 20 busiest airports in the world, including Singapore’s Changi, London’s Heathrow and New Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International.
- The Wright Flyer
Length: 21 ft
Wingspan: 40 ft
Max speed: 30 mph
- Why famous?The biplane aircraft, designed and built by the pioneering Wright brothers, is at the forefront of aviation history, performing the world’s first ever powered flight in 1903 over North Carolina, USA. It was built using giant spruce wood, with the engine and other parts all made by hand. A sprocket chain drive, borrowed from bicycle design, was used to power the twin propellers. To fly the plane, pilot Wilbur Wright lay on his stomach on the lower wing to reduce drag, with the steering controlled by with a hip cradle which pulled wires to warp the wings.
First flew: 2nd March, 1969
Length: 61.6 m
Wingspan: 25.6 m
Max speed: 1,350 mph (Mach 2.04)
Powerplant: 4 x Rolls Royce/SNECMA Olympus 593
Crew: 3 (2 pilots, 1 flight engineer)
- Why famous?Widely regarded as one of the most significant aircraft in aviation history, the world’s first supersonic airliner regularly allowed passengers to travel across the Atlantic in just 3½ hours – with a record-breaking flight time achieved in 1996 of just 2 hours, 52 minutes and 59 seconds from London Heathrow to New York JFK. Concorde entered service in 1976 and continued commercial operations for British Airways and Air France until 2003. The tragic crash of Air France 4590 in July 2000 (the only fatal incident involving Concorde) ultimately brought about its retirement, resulting in lower passenger numbers and decreased confidence in the iconic aircraft – even after safety modifications were made. Famously Concorde featured a pointed, adjustable nose, enabling it to achieve optimum aerodynamic efficiency in flight while still allowing the flight crew a full view during take-off and landing.
- Air Force One(currently the Boeing VC-25)
Length: 70.6 m
Wingspan: 59.6 m
Max speed: 630 mph
- Why famous?Air Force One has been immortalised in popular culture as a symbol of the American presidency and its power. However, unlike other aircraft on the list, it is not a specific aircraft, but an air traffic control call sign. Most often this will be used by the private aircraft that is primarily designated to transport the President of the United States – which then becomes known by the name. However the call sign can be used by any US Air Force aircraft while the president is on board. The term was developed in 1953 after a security glitch occurred when President Eisenhower’s plane entered the same airspace as a commercial airliner with the same call sign. Several aircraft have been used as Air Force One since, with Boeing now the exclusive manufacturer of choice. A Boeing VC-25 (a highly-customised 747) is used currently, with three further Boeing planes in development.
- Supermarine Spitfire
Length: 9.1 m
Wingspan: 11.2 m
Max speed: 378 mph
Powerplant: 1 x Rolls Royce Merlin 45 supercharged V12 engine
Service ceiling: 35,000 ft
- Why famous?The Supermarine Spitfire is arguably one of the most universally respected and loved aircraft in the world. Designed by RJ Mitchell to meet the RAF’s need for a new fighter aircraft, the single-seat aircraft first flew on 5 March 1936 and was produced in greater numbers than any other British aircraft before it. The aircraft, with its distinctive semi-elliptical wing design, is most famous for its role during the Battle of Britain in World War II, when it helped to secure air superiority over Britain. For this action and its continued success throughout the war, it won the hearts of the British public and was universally loved by the pilots that flew it.
- Airbus A380
Length: 72.7 m
Wingspan: 79.75 m
Maximum speed: 587 mph
Powerplant: 4 x Rolls Royce Trent 970/ Engine Alliance GP7270
- Why famous?The A380, nicknamed the Superjumbo, is currently the largest passenger airliner in the world, and can carry up to 853 passengers in a double-deck seating configuration. It was designed by manufacturer Airbus to challenge Boeing’s monopoly in the large airliner market and entered commercial service in October 2007. Due to the enormous size of the components (fuselage sections are built in France, Germany, Spain and the UK), specially-designed ships and barges – and even new roads – had to be built for surface transportation to the assembly hall in Toulouse, France. The A380 features highly innovative passenger provisions and pilot technology – with an avionics suite based on that of advanced military aircraft.
- Spirit of St Louis
Max speed: 133 mph
- Why famous?The single-seat monoplane executed the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Airfield in New York to Paris Le Bourget in 1927. The feat, which took 33 hours and 30 minutes, netted pilot Charles Lindbergh a $25,000 prize. The aircraft – one of the most fuel-efficient and aerodynamic designs of its time – was designed by Ryan Airlines and named after Lindbergh’s home town of St Louis, Missouri. The fuel tanks were located at the front, to improve safety and balance; however this meant that there could be no front windshield in the tiny cockpit, requiring a periscope to provide front visibility.
- Lockheed Vega 5b
Length: 8.4 m
Wingspan: 12.5 m
Maximum speed: 185 mph
Powerplant: 1 x Pratt & Whitney Wasp R1340C
- Why famous?The six-seater monoplane (named after manufacturer Lockheed) was made famous by Amelia Earhart, who in 1932 became the first woman to fly non-stop across the Atlantic single-handedly. At the time, it’s long-range and rugged design made it a popular choice for record attempts.
- Gulfstream GIV
Length: 29.6 m
Wingspan: 23.7 m
Maximum speed: 581 mph (Mach 0.88)
Powerplant: 2 x Rolls Royce Tay 611-8C
Service ceiling: 45,000 ft
- Why famous?The Gulfstream IV has a firm place in the hearts of all aviation enthusiasts across the globe as the first truly global business jet. The private jet aircraft became a firm favourite, following its launch in 1987, as its unmatched range allowed private jet passengers to travel anywhere in the world with just one fuel stop. It also offered slick design and a spacious interior.
- Cessna Citation XL
Length: 16 m
Wingspan: 17.17 m
Max speed: 506 mph
Powerplant: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada PW545B
Service ceiling: 45,000 ft
- Why famous?Since its first flight on 29 February, 1996 the Citation XL revolutionised the private aircraft market by offering a cost-effective competitor to the twin turboprop aircraft – and has since become the most popular selling private jet in the world for the past 5 years. The XL quickly became a favourite with private jet passengers and aircraft operators alike due to its speed, high passenger capacity and relative low cost in comparison to its competitors. Following the success of this aircraft, manufacturer Cessna has also developed the Citation XLS and Citation XLS+ which featured new engines and other improvements to performance.
Length: 18.3 m
Wingspan: 8.23 m
Powerplant: 1 x RocketMotorTwo liquid/solid hybrid rocket engine
- Why famous?SpaceShipTwo is a suborbital spacecraft designed to carry space tourists. The aircraft, which offers an open cabin and large viewing windows, is currently the frontrunner in race to take commercial air passengers into space. Currently undergoing later stages of flight testing, manufacturer Virgin Galactic has announced that it intends to launch flight operations in 2012 with a maiden voyage carrying Virgin founder Richard Branson and his parents. In the meantime, the operation is funded by a pre-booking down-payment of $20,000 from ‘passenger astronauts’ on the full ticket price of $200,000.
- Donegal Airport, Ireland
- Msembe Airstrip, Tanzania
- Skiathos (Alexandros Papadiamantis) Airport, Greece
- Orlando (Melbourne) International Airport, Florida
- Barra Airport, Scotland
- Bora Bora (Motu Mute) Airport, French Polynesia
- St Maarten (Princess Juliana) International Airport, St Maarten
- Praslin Island Airport, Seychelles
- Dubai International Airport, United Arab Emirates
- Nadi International Airport, Fiji
Monaco is the second smallest country in the world with a geographic area of just 2.02 kilometres. Monaco has no airport, but Nice Côte d’Azur Airport in France is the nearest airport from it.
San Marino is a landlocked microstate surrounded on all sides by Italy. Those who wish to reach San Marino need book their air tickets to Federico Fellini International Airport in Italy.
A beautiful country, Andorra is famous for gorgeous hikes and landscapes. Since it shares borders with Spain and France, the closest major airports are Barcelona–El Prat in Spain and Toulouse in France.
Liechtenstein is a landlocked country found between Switzerland and Austria. Liechtenstein may not h… Read More
Did you know that the very famous Vatican City does not have an airport of its own but it has a heliport in the western corner, which is used by visiting heads and Vatican officials. The nearest airports are Rome Ciampino Airport and Rome–Fiumicino Airport in Italy.
- The Goodyear Inflatoplane
- The Stipa-Caproni
- The Blohm & Voss BV 141
- The Hughes H4 Hercules
- Vought V-173/XF5U-1 “Flying Pancake”
- The Bertini Beriev VVA 14
- The Konstantin Kalinin K-7
- The Avro VZ9 Avrocar
2.The XF -85 Goblin
1.The Lun class Ekranoplane
- The first internal combustion engine plane
In 1901, the first model airplane with an internal combustion engine incorporated into it made two flights of 150 feet and 350 feet. Its creator was Samuel Langley, a physics and astronomy teacher at the Allegheny Observatory in Pennsylvania.
- The first manned flight
In 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright successfully built an engine-powered airplane (named The Flyer) that could be flown by a person. Orville Wright flew the plane for 12 seconds in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
- The first female pilot
In 1910, French-born Raymonde de Laroche became the first female in the world to receive a pilot’s license and went on to set two women’s altitude records in 1919.
- The first commercial flight
The first commercial flight took place in 1914 between St. Petersburg, Florida and Tampa, Florida. Piloted by Tony Jannus and one paying passenger, the flight lasted 23 minutes.
- The first flight around the world
In 1924, four planes piloted by Leigh Wade, Frederick Martin, Lowell Smith, and Erik Nelson set off from Seattle, Washington. After 354 hours and over 25,000 miles, two of the original planes landed back in Seattle. They traveled to Japan, Southeast Asia, India, Ireland, England, and many U.S. cities.
- The first solo non-stop flight
In 1927, U.S. Air Mail pilot Charles Lindbergh won the Orteig Prize when he flew non-stop from New York to Paris by himself. Before his accomplishment, the flight had been attempted by six other well-known aviators (all of whom died).
- The first jet engine
Sir Frank Whittle, a member of the British Royal Air Force, and German airplane designer Dr. Hans Von Ohain are both credited for having invented the first jet engine. While they both worked separately, Whittle patented his jet engine in 1930 and Von Ohain patented his in 1936. Von Ohain’s was the first to fly, however, in 1939.
- The first female transatlantic solo flight
In 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first female to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. She flew from Newfoundland, Canada to Derry, Northern Ireland and received a medal from Congress, the French Government, and U.S. President Herbert Hoover.
- The first wide-body plane
The Boeing 747, also nicknamed the “Jumbo Jet” was the largest airliner in the skies for almost 40 years, until 2006 when the Airbus A380 was introduced. The 747 first flew in 1969 and could carry over 350 passengers.
- The first solar-powered cross-continental flight
In 2013, the Swiss-developed solar-powered plane named the “Solar Impulse” flew from California to New York. The flight was piloted by Andre Borschberg and took two months to complete.
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