Sharing Aviation Safety Data
Bilateral Agreement Between Europe & China
The EU signs a major aerospace cooperation agreement with the People’s Republic of China and the FAA speaks about sharing safety data. Below is a case showing
- that FAA resources may be inadequate,
- that Chinese potential merits a high degree of focus, and
- that the FAA is being handcuffed in its international efforts.
These points hopefully show that resources ($$ and positions from Congress; more talent/focus by the Executive Branch) are required by the FAA for its PRC mission.
The European Union and China are nearing finalization of a bilateral aviation safety agreement (BASA), according to officials at the first Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC)-European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) safety conference. The move to streamline certification and oversight activities has been in the works since the two administrations signed a letter of intent in 2013. Since then, the aviation authorities have established road maps, compared regulatory systems, and created technical assessments to validate certification processes. In June, the parties completed a third-round review of draft bilateral language.
Officials already have started drafting technical implementation procedures (TIP), with the understanding that the document may need revision once the BASA annexes are finalized. While a publication date has not been announced, conference speakers stated that the BASA is expected “very soon,” and in the “not too distant future.” At least one panelist went so far as to say final signature is expected this year.
The EU and China are close to a truly bilateral relationship of aerospace exports and imports. The BASA is an important vehicle for future developments.
FAA Administrator Michael P. Huerta, spoke at an Asia-Pacific civil aviation conference in Mongolia where the aviation leaders were in attendance. The Administrator’s speech emphasized that the FAA and its Asia-Pacific counterparts must continue to work together to promote oversight operations and certification systems that will ensure the safety of passengers around the world as demand increases. “By sharing data and best practices with each other, we’ve proven that safety has no borders,” said Huerta. “It is imperative that we work together to meet this increased demand and deliver the level of safety and service consumers and businesses on both sides of the Pacific expect.”
The FAA’s current list of agreements with the People’s Republic of China:
a. BAA 1991
b. Schedule of Implementation Procedures 1995
c. Special Arrangement – TC/PC Split 2017
d. Revised Export Documentation Requirement For Engines And Propellers 2010
e. 2016 Notification of Part 21 Amendment 2016
f. 2016 Notification of Part 23 NPRM 2016
g. 2016 Notification of Policy Deviation Memorandum for FAA Order 8130.21H 2016
Note: d-g are listed as bilateral agreements, but are primarily US notices to the PRC
The FAA’s allocation of human resources to China:
The lead position leading the FAA’s international efforts is a political appointment and this Administration has not yet nominated a person to lead this critical effort.
The senior career employee responsible for this work is Ms. Carey J. Fagan. As the Executive Director for International Affairs, she develops international policy and communicates foreign impacts of FAA policies to the other offices. Ms. Fagan has more than twenty years of federal government experience, fifteen of which have been in the international area.
The FAA has defined its Asia Pacific region to include 41 nations representing 56% of the world population. The magnitude of the Asia Pacific region results in both political and economic power and aviation safety in the Asia Pacific region is critical to the region’s continued success and growth. FAA predicts that within the 2016-2036 timeframe, the total passengers transiting to and from the United States and the Pacific region will increase by 120%. These growth rates in the region will translate into new aircraft sales and services. Furthermore, the Asia Pacific region is home to both established parts suppliers for US aviation manufacturing as well as developing new aircraft that will operate globally.
The FAA has offices in Singapore, where our Asia Pacific Director is located, as well as Tokyo, Japan; Beijing, China; and New Delhi, India
The FAA’s resources for the HUGE Chinese market (as with all of its international duties, due to Budget Limitations) seem thinly stretched.
Inventory of Chinese potential
- 487 million: That’s the number of domestic and international journeys made last year in China.
- The number of trips made last year increased by 12% over 2015.
- With a population of 1.4 billion, the trips add up: Analysts predict that China will surpass the U.S. as the world’s largest commercial aviation market by 2030.
- 5,100: Boeing estimates that the country will need a trillion dollars worth of new airplanes over the next two decades.
- 55: That’s the number of Chinese airlines currently in operation.
- Eight: China has now joined the small group of nations that have developed large airliners: the U.S., Russia, Brazil, Canada, the U.K., France and Germany.
- 1/3: China’s aviation market still has a ways to go. One third of all flights in the country were delayed in 2015, according to the International Air Transport Association.
Quotes about China’s aviation future:
- “I think we’re definitely seeing an uptick from a year ago,” said Jason Liao, chairman and C.E.O. of China Business Aviation Group. “I’m very positive. I think we’ll see an average of 10 percent, sustainable long-term growth.”
- “Geographic positioning of the Asia Pacific region and distances between major cities necessitates the need for long-range aircraft,” said Khader Mattar, Bombardier’s vice president of sales for the Asia Pacific region and China. “We expect the Chinese market to be one of the four most active markets and to generate the most deliveries over the next 10 years.”
- “General aviation is becoming one of the main directions in China’s national policy,” said Fang Xinyu, vice president of Deer Jet, China’s largest charter provider, now in its 21st year of operation. “The government is encouraging more investment in this industry.”
- China has fewer than 300 airports, against more than 5,000 in the United States. Mr. Liao said China is adding 20 airports a year and, even if that number rose, there are no short-term concerns of an airport glut for the world’s most populous country. “Even if they’re building 50 airports a year, in 10 years that’s 500, in 100 years that’s 5,000,” he said. “It’s still a very small number.”
- White emphasized the need for a vision for the development of China’s business aviation industry. “It is inevitable that the Chinese business jet population will eventually grow to a size similar to the U.S.,” he said. “However, without open skies, improved infrastructure and qualified manpower, this is not likely to happen in the near future.”
The Chinese aerospace industry:
- The Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) was founded on November 6th, 2008 through the restructuring and consolidation of the China Aviation Industry Corporation Ⅰ (AVIC Ⅰ) and the China Aviation Industry Corporation Ⅱ (AVIC Ⅱ). We are centered on aviation and provide complete services to customers in many sectors— from research and development to operation, manufacturing and financing. Our business units cover defense, transport aircrafts, helicopters, avionics and systems, general aviation, research and development, flight testing, trade and logistics, assets management, finance services, engineering and construction, automobiles and more. We have over 100 subsidiaries, nearly 27 listed companies and more than 450,000 employees. In 2016, AVIC ranked 143th among the newly published Fortune Top 500 enterprises.
- AviChina Industry & Technology Co., Ltd. is engaged in the aviation industry. They develop & manufacture aviation products, helicopters, aircraft & regional jets. Aircraft Maintenance and Engineering Corporation – Ameco Beijing is the largest aircraft maintenance supplier in China.
- AVIC Helicopter Co Ltd. is engaged in the development, manufacture and distribution of aerospace products
- Hangxin Avionics Co., Ltd is one of the biggest aviation engineering enterprises involved in aviation components maintenance to all airlines…
- Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Co., Ltd. – Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering is engaged in the maintenance, modification, repair commercial aircraft and their components.
- Taikoo Aircraft Engineering Co. Ltd. offers a complete range of airframe and line maintenance services for Airbus and Boeing aircraft, airframe maintenance, major modifications…
- Xi’an Aircraft Industry Company Limited develops and manufactures large and medium-sized military and commercial airplanes in China.
Other similar Concerns
Secretary Chao, Administrator Huerta, Deputy Administrator Elwell & CONGRESS, let’s not concede the People’s Republic of China to the EU.
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