California Pilots Association’s DART exercise shows that Santa Monica has an important, irreplaceable asset for the City

cpa smo earthquake exercise
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California Pilots Association’s (CPA) Santa Monica Airport (SMO) Earthquake Exercise

Disaster Airlift Response Team (DART) Demonstrated the Importance of SMO

The legal and political battles over the City’s efforts to close the Santa Monica Airport have consumed an inordinate amount of time and energy. Both sides claim that their positions are totally justified. This story provides some very solid proof that SMO is a critical asset to the City and the surrounding communities.

As with other debates of this sort, the persons with conflicting views use “demonstrations” in their campaign. These visible public events tend to highlight the conflict but rarely elevate the community’s knowledge about their substantive claims, the strength of their legal arguments and the validity of their factual allegations.

The California Pilots Association initiated a disaster-preparedness exercise designed for FEMA‘s Disaster Airlift Response Team for the Southern California region.

cpa smo earthquake exercise

Community Emergency Response Team, relying heavily on GA Aircraft, demonstrated as though a major earthquake has disrupted the area’s ground transportation and compromised the ordinary means of bringing emergency personnel and supplies. The hub for this relief demonstration was the Santa Monica Airport.

cpa smo earthquake exercise

The plan is relied upon by the Red Cross Los Angeles Region and its structure was developed by the Airport Cooperative Research Program. Based on these substantive reference reports, it is clear that the CPA operation demonstrated that SMO is a critical aviation resource for the Southern California Basin.

cpa smo earthquake exercise

The below story is an excellent explanation of the value of the embattled airport, not just to the pilots, but to all citizens of the City of Santa Monica.


Airports have not been spared damage, but thanks to the utility of general aviation aircraft, the 2,000 feet of runway left undamaged at the Santa Monica Municipal Airport spotlights the airport’s designation as “critical infrastructure” for the emergency response.

Almost before the dust has settled, the region’s emerging Disaster Airlift Response Teams (DARTs) are in action, with volunteer pilots flying to Santa Monica from area airports transporting blood, medicine, and food, as local emergency managers and the American Red Cross team up to coordinate relief.

That’s how it might go, say emergency managers, when the next big one strikes. So with a 60-percent probability that an earthquake of magnitude of 6.7 will occur in the Los Angeles region within 30 years, according to the U.S. Geological Survey, local emergency responders conducted a disaster-preparedness exercise in Santa Monica on Jan. 14, assuming crippling damage and a severe public need for medicine, food, and shelter.

“This is a practical demonstration of the City of Santa Monica ‘All Hazards Mitigation Plan’ which lists SMO as ‘Critical Infrastructure’ in a disaster,” said a joint announcement from the Santa Monica Airport’s DART and the American Red Cross.

It was an outstanding exercise, said Paul Marshall, DART chapter coordinator for the California Pilots Association, who flew his Bonanza in for the new Santa Monica disaster airlift response team’s mobilization. For a first exercise, the Santa Monica DART “just hit the ball out of the park,” he said.

Eleven airplanes flew to Santa Monica from Whiteman Municipal Airport, Van Nuys Airport, Brackett Field in La Verne, Compton/Woodley Airport, and Zamperini Field in Torrance.

Flight operations went smoothly despite flying in the vicinity of the famously complex Los Angeles Class B airspace that provides “a lot of opportunities to screw up,” Marshall said, adding, “This is the kind of flying that pilots in the L.A. basin do every day. Any private pilot could fill in and do just fine.”

The Santa Monica mobilization is the latest example of volunteer DARTs moving forward in California. In 2014, the AOPA Foundation awarded a $10,000 Giving Back grant to the South County Airport Association (SCAPA) DART for its work to fine-tune the logistics and communications plans that would be activated in a disaster. The group has received two honorable mentions from the Federal Emergency Management Agency in emergency preparedness contests.

The California Pilots Association noted the work being done by SCAPA at the San Martin Airport, where Marshall and Rod Pharis co-chair the disaster response unit. CalPilots asked Marshall to manage a program to build a statewide network of disaster airlift relief teams.

Ed Story, CalPilots Region 5 vice president, recalled that Marshall attended a CalPilots annual meeting and set up a table to promote disaster response airlifts.

“It occurred to me that CalPilots should sponsor what he was doing,” said Story, who credited Dave Hopkins of the Santa Monica Airport Disaster Airlift Response Team for embracing the DART concept and working with the participating outlying airports on the event. Santa Monica tower controller Tammy Jackson served as operations director and her husband Sean, a Southwest Airlines captain, helped organize the event.

“It was impressive, if I do say myself,” Story said in an email.

CalPilots Disaster Airlift Response Team

Paul Marshall, CalPilots Disaster Airlift Response Team program manager, briefs the DART members about the status of the nine teams that are operational or in formation around the state of California. Photo courtesy of the Disaster Airlift Response Team.

With DARTs recently operational in Santa Monica and Watsonville, other disaster response units are being developed by pilot associations at Half Moon Bay Airport, Lincoln Regional Airport, Concord, Torrance, and Napa County, Marshall said.

It was the response of pilots to the magnitude 6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989—which killed more than 60 people and injured thousands—that inspired Marshall, Pharis, and their colleagues to discuss in 2008 and stage in 2013 a first exercise of the SCAPA Disaster Airlift Response Team in San Martin, SCAPA says on its website.

With Watsonville and Santa Cruz cut off by land after the Oct. 17, 1989, temblor, an “ad hoc airlift” flew 500,000 pounds of food and supplies into the stricken area in the days following the quake that occurred on a long-quiet segment of the San Andreas fault.

Marshall would like to see pilots all around the nation participating in organized disaster responses.

“Disasters are local problems managed by local emergency response managers. As they get overwhelmed, they go up the food chain. They should be able to call upon local pilots operating from local airports,” he said. A template for starting a DART is available on the CalPilots website.

To qualify to fly for a California DART, pilot must hold a private pilot certificate or higher, have liability insurance of at least $100,000 per seat, and be able to fly as pilot in command under CFR Part 91, he said.

Disaster Airlift Response Team american red cross

Flight instructor Chris Irwin unloads a box of American Red Cross supplies from the Glendale Community College airplane he had flew in from Whiteman Airport in Los Angeles. Photo courtesy of the Disaster Airlift Response Team.

Mobilizations are typically coordinated with the local emergency response infrastructure. On hand at Santa Monica was a representative from the Community Emergency Response Team, a program funded by FEMA, Marshall said.

Beyond the probability of a magnitude 6.7 quake, the U.S. Geological Survey also sees a 31- percent probability that an earthquake measuring magnitude 7.5 will occur in the Los Angeles area within 30 years.  (An increase of one whole number on the Richter scale, the most commonly used of several measures, “corresponds to the release of about 31 times more energy than the amount associated with the preceding whole number value.”)

Marshall was pleased with the number of aircraft participating in the “small-scale simulation” in Santa Monica. He counsels new DARTs that once a disaster response unit is functional, it should hold regular practice exercises.

“Exercise the machinery about once a year or so, so you stay current,” he said.


Demonstrations can and do incite emotions, but this exercise should have convinced those with open minds that SMO should not be closed.



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