The world is connected by aviation. More than any time in human history this industry brings people together so that they can learn each other’s culture, enhance understanding and engage in trade.
At the same time, the aerospace industry has globalized with design, manufacturing and operation on every continent. The major manufacturers sell their product to every nation and they are buying products, systems and parts sourced from multiple points.
That commercial trend has stressed the Civil Aviation Authorities of these sovereigns in terms of technical and/or human competence.
Here are examples of the coming together of the CAA’s:
Case One: Certification Management Team (CMT).
The US (FAA), Canada (Transport Canada) Brazil (Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC)) and the European Aviation Safety Administration (EASA) are in the process of maximizing their use of existing bilateral partnerships to fully recognize the findings made by the four partners. This is essential to reduce the efforts currently expended on validation programs. This cooperation is based on established confidence and knowledge of each other’s systems, which under a risk-based approach, may be applied to enhance reciprocal acceptance. The Directors committed to the creation of a formal governance structure that will manage our collaboration efforts efficiently and effectively, promote the development and implementation of regulatory and policy solutions to common certification issues, and support greater harmonization of our systems. On September 16, 2015 the authorities signed the charter establishing the Certification Management Team (CMT).
Case Two: ANAC IPA and TCCA SSMP
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has signed separate agreements with Brazil’s Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil (ANAC) and Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA) that will make it easier to approve each country’s aircraft and aviation products for their growing aviation markets.
For many years, the FAA and Brazil’s ANAC have been cooperating to enhance aviation safety, security, and other areas. Brazil is a member of the quadrilateral Certification Management Team (CMT) (PDF). They have responsibility for Embraer, the preeminent Brazilian aircraft manufacturer.
The first FAA-ANAC Implementation Procedures Agreement (IPA) was signed in September 2006, with two amendments thereafter, most recently in February 2016. The revision signed today expands the IPA to include Part 23 (General Aviation Aircraft) and provides risk based decision criteria for the U.S. and Brazil to validate each other’s aviation products.
The latest revision maximizes reliance on each country’s certification authorities and reduces redundant validation activities and resources. It also more closely aligns the IPA with the bilateral agreements of the other CMT partners (the European Union and Canada). The ANAC IPA revision has a 3-month implementation period, which provides much-needed time to familiarize all stakeholders with its content.
The FAA and TCCA also continued their long tradition of cooperation. The two agencies signed a Shared Surveillance Management Plan that defines the process by which they recognize each other’s surveillance of manufacturers and their suppliers in the United States and Canada.
The Plan ensures manufacturers, certificate holders, production approval holders and suppliers are complying with the responsible countries’ applicable regulatory requirements. The plan requires manufacturers to comply with an approved quality system and ensure their subcontractors and suppliers also meet the applicable requirements and adhere to quality standards
The result will be less need for FAA and TCCA aviation inspectors to travel to each other’s facilities to do surveillance. Previously this was done on a case-by-case basis.
Case Three: Rosaviatsiya approves CFM International LEAP-1B on S7’s B737NG
The Federal Air Transport Agency (Russian acronym Rosaviatsiya) is the authority which makes airworthiness decisions such as accepting the US CFM International LEAP-1B engine for its carrier S7. The agreement between Rosaviatsiya and the FAA has not reached the CMT level, but the existing Bilateral Airworthiness Safety Agreement provides a basis for the Russian authority to accept the LEAP engine.
There are high ambitions for the Russian government-owned aerospace manufacturers to produce aircraft for sale around the world. Rosaviatsiya must demonstrate its competence to the FAA and other CAAs before its certification is accepted.
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